Indochina, French

   French indochina, or L'union indochinoise, was the name given in 1887 to the countries of southeast Asia under the French protectorate and colonized by France. They comprised as first the three parts of Vietnam (Cochin China, Annam, and Tonkin) and Cambodia, then Laos after 1893, and the territory of Guangzhouwan after 1900. The expeditions sent to protect Christian missionaries by napoléon III were the origin of these conquests. Tourane (today Danang) was taken in 1858, then Saigon (Ho Chi Minh City) and all of Cochin China. The protectorate of Cambodia, while disputed by siam (Thailand), was established shortly afterward. France then conquered Tonkin after a conflict with China (1882-85). The government, under the authority of a governor-general, had its headquarters at Hanoi and enforced, in spite of native resistance, an economic exploitation of the region that was typical of the period. Cities were created or modernized, the infrastructure improved, and French culture was imposed or adopted by a segment of the population that saw it as an opportunity for change or personal advancement. France finally left the region after the national wars of the 1950s.
   See also dien bien phu; ho chi minh.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • French West Africa —    French West Africa ( Afrique occidentale française ) was by 1913 a federation of eight French colonial possessions in Africa that extended, on an East West axis, from Senegal on the Atlantic coast to the border of Chad and, on a North South… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • French Indochina — {|| Infobox Former Country native name = Union Indochinoise conventional long name = Indochinese Union Liên bang Đông Dương common name = French Indochina| continent = moved from Category:Asia to Southeast Asia region = Southeast Asia country =… …   Wikipedia

  • French Far East Expeditionary Corps — CEFEO insignia bearing the traditional French Navy anchor symbol. The French Far East Expeditionary Corps (French: Corps Expéditionnaire Français en Extrême Orient, CEFEO) was a colonial expeditionary force of the French Union Army sent in French …   Wikipedia

  • Indochina — /in doh chuy neuh/, n. a peninsula in SE Asia, between the Bay of Bengal and the South China Sea, comprising Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, W Malaysia, and Burma (Myanmar). Also called Farther India. Cf. French Indochina. * * * or Indochinese …   Universalium

  • French — Frenchness, n. /french/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of France, its inhabitants, or their language, culture, etc.: French cooking. n. 2. the people of France and their direct descendants. 3. a Romance language spoken in France,… …   Universalium

  • Indochina — 1886 Indochina: Dark green: always included, Light green: usu …   Wikipedia

  • French language — French La langue française Pronunciation [fʁɑ̃sɛ] Spoken in See below Native speakers 68 million (2005) …   Wikipedia

  • French literature of the 20th century — French literature of the twentieth century is, for the purpose of this article, literature written in French from (roughly) 1895 to 1990. For literature made after 1990, see the article Contemporary French literature. Many of the developments in… …   Wikipedia

  • French Indochina — Indochina when it was under French control …   English World dictionary

  • French West Africa — Afrique occidentale française Federation of French colonies ↓ …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.